This post is by Brian Poncelet, an insurance specialist and independent certified financial planner (CFP) who has been working in the financial services industry for almost 20 years.
Life insurance isn’t just for young families – it can be beneficial to retirees, too. Nearly 25% of Canadians are expected to be senior citizens by 2036, yet they are leaving themselves financially vulnerable by taking on greater risk to achieve higher returns. Saving for retirement is only half the battle – spinning down your money in a tax efficient manner is just as important. Longer life expectancy combined with a prolonged low interest rate environment spells trouble for retirees, who risk outliving their nest egg and achieving poor rates of return. With permanent life insurance, not only will you have more money in your pocket after taxes, you’ll also have better insurance protection. Let’s walk through an example.
Do you remember Part 1? Part II continues where Part I left off: You Think Term Always Beats Whole Life Insurance? Think Again! Recall in Part I, there are two good friends, Allen and Bob. Both are 35 year old males and breadwinners of families with a solid annual incomes of $100,000. Both have similar insurance needs – except at age 35 Allen goes along with conventional wisdom and buys term insurance and invests the difference. Meanwhile his buddy Bob also buys term insurance but instead supplements it with a whole life policy. As we illustrated in Part I, the lower the rate of return, the further ahead Bob is.
Here in Part II Allen and Bob have reached retirement age 65. Let’s assume they are both able to achieve a more conservative rate of return of 5% (as opposed to 7% in Part I). Inflation is 2% and the average tax rate is 30%. Life expectancy is age 85.
The goal for Allen, who no longer has insurance is simple: keep principal intact and live off interest. The goal for Bob, who has a whole life insurance policy with a death benefit payable to his estate is a little more flexible: spin down his remaining money by living off his principal and interest.
Who comes out ahead at age 85?
When Allen and Bob pass away at age 85, Allen’s portfolio of $1,220,000 will still be intact, while Bob’s will bottom out at $111,313 (since he’s withdrawing the interest and principal each year).
However, what you need to know is Bob comes out ahead, well, at least his family does because of the tax-free death benefit payable to Bob’s estate. This tax-free death benefit has grown from $491,914 at age 65 to $874,597 at age 85. Upon his death Bob’s estate will receive $980,345 compared to Allen’s estate that will receive $925,700 after tax and probate fees. So, in Bob’s case, he can spend freely during his retirement, enjoy his golden years and still be assured his estate will receive money as well. Bob is able to spin his money down and use his whole life insurance policy as backup.
Now, you might be asking, that’s all fine and good if we don’t have another financial collapse. What if we have another stock market crash like in 2008? Well, Bob is even further ahead. You see, our friend Allen might have to take money from his principal to maintain cash flow. For example, a 10% pull back on $1,220,000, will leave Allen with only $1,104,378.30 ($1,220,000 X 90% = $1,104,378.30). Allen will have to take money out of his nest egg and get even less money the following year. Meanwhile, Bob’s annual taxes decrease as he ages thanks to the whole life policy. If Bob desires a guaranteed cash flow for life, at 65 in today’s market he could buy an annuity for life (never running out of money) and get 6.6% return (or even do it later at age 72) and get over 7% return guaranteed for life. This can be done with some of the money to cover basic living expenses, while still leaving a large inheritance to the estate. You can read more about annuities here.
Here is a summary in a table:
Allen – Living off interest
Bob – Spending principal and interest
Whole life policy
|Investment Portfolio @ Age 65 – 5% ROR|
|Tax-Free Death Benefit @ Age 65|
|Investment Portfolio @ Age 85 – 5% ROR|
|Tax-Free Death Benefit @ Age 85|
|Total Net Worth|
|(less probate, legal, accounting)|
|Total Payable to Estate|
Does buying permanent life insurance coverage sound like the better choice now?
With whole life insurance not only do you have more money to spend in retirement, you also pay less taxes every year and are better protected. When you eventually pass away the death benefit will pass to your estate, avoiding capital gains and probate. As you can see, with the right whole life policy, even a retiree can come out ahead with less risk and you can spend their hard-earned money more freely.
This guest post was written by Brian Poncelet is an insurance specialist and independent certified financial planner (CFP) working in the financial services.