Anyone who wants to become a Do-It-Yourself (DIY) investor should consider becoming more familiar with various financial terms and definitions. Otherwise, if and when you decide to own stocks, you might not be able to differentiate your hanging man from your spinning top when looking at the candlestick chart for Telus stock. Huh? Actually, you don’t even need to know that stuff. For today’s post as part of Financial Literacy Month #FLM2013 I thought I’d list a few financial terms worth remembering when you hear or read about them.
Earnings per Share (EPS)
When you hear this term think profit.
A simplified equation for EPS is net income divided by average shares outstanding.
You’ll often read about this denominator being “weighted” or “averaged” because the amount of common shares changes during the reporting period. There is no rule of thumb that I know of to interpret EPS but a high(er) EPS is usually a sign of good company financial health. For technical folks, more reading can be found here thanks to BDO Canada.
Price-to-Earnings Ratio (P/E)
When you hear this term think about an investor’s willingness to pay for a dollar of company earnings. So, a low P/E implies the will factor is low; the company is expected to have lower earnings in the future. A high P/E suggests investors believe the company has higher growth prospects.
The price/earnings ratio is a common stock’s current market price divided by its annual earnings per share. For more technical information, visit Investopedia here.
What is a Bear Market?
When you hear this term think about falling prices, consumer pessimism and economic slowdown.
What is a Bull Market?
When you hear this term think about rising prices, consumer optimism and economic growth.
For a more comprehensive explanation check out the short Investopedia video here.
DIY investors do not need to memorize a whack of financial definitions but I think these terms above are important for context so you don’t get totally lost in the alphabet soup of today’s financial jargon.